Attorney General Orders ‘Zero Tolerance’ Policy for Improper Entries at Southwest Border; President Issues Memo on ‘Catch and Release’
Attorney General Jeff Sessions directed federal prosecutors along the southwest border of the United States to adopt immediately a “zero-tolerance policy.” Later the same day, President Donald Trump issued a memorandum on “catch and release” at the border and other enforcement actions.
USCIS Completes H-1B Cap Random Selection Process for FY 2019
USCIS said it received 190,098 H-1B petitions during the filing period, which began April 2, including petitions filed for the advanced degree exemption.
USCIS Launches E-Verify Website
The new website provides information about E-Verify and employment eligibility verification, including employee rights and employer responsibilities in the employment verification process.
EOIR Announces Controversial Metrics for Immigration Judge Performance
The new metrics, to be measured annually, include a goal of 700 case completions per year per IJ with a remand rate of less than 15 percent.
ICE Raids Meat-Packing Plant in Tennessee in Largest Single Workplace Raid in a Decade
Federal authorities arrested 97 people at a Tennessee meat-processing plant on immigration and other charges.
National Guard Troops Deploy to Southern U.S. Border
U.S. Defense Secretary James N. Mattis announced the authorization of up to 4,000 National Guard troops to deploy to the U.S. border with Mexico “to support the Department of Homeland Security border security mission there.”
SPLC Sues DHS for Unconstitutionally Blocking Detained Migrants’ Access to Lawyers
SPLC has filed a federal lawsuit alleging that DHS is violating the Constitution by blocking detained migrants from accessing lawyers. SPLC says the suit is the first of its kind to “highlight decades-long, widespread DHS violations of detained immigrants’ rightful access to counsel in civil immigration prisons in multiple facilities in the Southeast.”
Reminder: SAVE Goes Paperless
As of May 1, 2018, organizations must submit all verification requests electronically.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions issued a memorandum on April 6, 2018, directing federal prosecutors along the southwest border of the United States to adopt immediately a “zero-tolerance policy for all offenses referred for prosecution under [8 U.S.C.] section 1325(a).” Later the same day, President Donald Trump issued a memorandum on “catch and release” at the border and other enforcement actions.
Mr. Sessions said the new zero-tolerance policy supersedes any existing policies, and that it should be applied “to the extent practicable, and in consultation with [the Department of Homeland Security.” If adopting such a policy requires additional resources, Mr. Sessions directs each office to identify and request those resources.
“You are on the front lines of this battle,” the memo states. “I respect you and your team.” He reminded federal prosecutors that “our goal is not simply more cases. It is to end the illegality in our immigration system.”
8 U.S.C. § 1325(a) states:
(a) Improper time or place; avoidance of examination or inspection; misrepresentation and concealment of facts
Any alien who (1) enters or attempts to enter the United States at any time or place other than as designated by immigration officers, or (2) eludes examination or inspection by immigration officers, or (3) attempts to enter or obtains entry to the United States by a willfully false or misleading representation or the willful concealment of a material fact, shall, for the first commission of any such offense, be fined under title 18 or imprisoned not more than 6 months, or both, and, for a subsequent commission of any such offense, be fined under title 18, or imprisoned not more than 2 years, or both.
The Trump memo directs the Secretaries of Homeland Security, Defense, and Health and Human Services, along with the Attorney General, to submit reports detailing all measures that their departments “have pursued or are pursuing to expeditiously end ‘catch and release’ practices.” Among other things, the reports must include measures taken to “allocate all legally available resources” to ensure the detention of people for violations of immigration law at or near the U.S. borders, and must provide a “detailed list of all existing facilities, including military facilities, that could be used, modified, or repurposed to detain aliens for violations of immigration law at or near the borders of the United States.” The reports must also include the number of credible fear and reasonable fear claims received, granted, and denied, in each year since the beginning of fiscal year 2009, “broken down by the purported protected ground upon which a credible fear or reasonable fear claim was made.”
On April 11, 2018, USCIS announced that it had used a computer-generated random process to select enough H-1B petitions to meet the congressionally mandated cap and the U.S. advanced degree exemption, known as the master’s cap, for fiscal year (FY) 2019.
USCIS said it received 190,098 H-1B petitions during the filing period, which began April 2, including petitions filed for the advanced degree exemption. USCIS announced on April 6 that it had received enough H-1B petitions to reach the statutory cap of 65,000 and the master’s cap of 20,000. USCIS will reject and return all unselected petitions with their filing fees unless the petition is a prohibited multiple filing.
USCIS conducted the selection process for the master’s cap first. All unselected master’s cap petitions then became part of the random selection process for the 65,000 cap, USCIS said.
The agency said it will continue to accept and process petitions that are otherwise exempt from the cap. Petitions filed for current H-1B workers who have been counted previously against the cap, and who still retain their cap number, also will not be counted toward the FY 2019 H-1B cap. USCIS will continue to accept and process petitions filed to:
- Extend the amount of time a current H-1B worker may remain in the United States;
- Change the terms of employment for current H-1B workers;
- Allow current H-1B workers to change employers; and
- Allow current H-1B workers to work concurrently in a second H-1B position.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) recently launched a new website, E-Verify.gov. USCIS called it “the authoritative source for information on electronic employment eligibility verification.” The website is intended for employers, employees, and the general public.
The website provides information about E-Verify and Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification, including employee rights and employer responsibilities in the employment verification process. The site “allows employers to enroll in E-Verify directly and permits current users to access their accounts. Individuals with myE-Verify accounts can also access their accounts through E-Verify.gov,” USCIS said.
Employers can access E-Verify from a Web browser. Nearly all employees are confirmed as work-authorized “instantly or within 24 hours,” the agency said. The system, which has nearly 800,000 enrolled employers, compares information from an employee’s I-9 to records available to the Department of Homeland Security and the Social Security Administration to verify authorization to work in the United States.
USCIS said it “encourages all U.S. employers to verify all new hires through E-Verify.” The announcement is at https://bit.ly/2JAvJnl
In a move that provoked immediate controversy, James McHenry, Director of the Department of Justice’s Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), sent a memorandum on March 30, 2018, to all Immigration Judges (IJs) announcing the establishment of new performance metrics effective October 1, 2018. The memo notes that the “impact and implementation” of the metrics are subject to bargaining with the National Association of Immigration Judges (NAIJ).
The new metrics, to be measured annually, include a goal of 700 case completions per year per IJ with a remand rate of less than 15 percent. “Needs improvement” is defined as completing more than 560 but fewer than 700 cases per year and a remand rate of between 15 and 20 percent. Benchmarks for satisfactory performance include, among other things, cases completed on the initial hearing date for 100 percent of credible fear and reasonable fear reviews unless the Department of Homeland Security “does not produce the alien on the hearing date.”
Lawrence O. Burman, secretary of NAIJ, predicted that “[i]t’s going to be a disaster and it’s going to slow down the adjudications.” The president of NAIJ, Judge A. Ashley Tabaddor, said, “Clearly this is not justice,” and predicted the plan will “undermine the very integrity of the court.” Paul Schmidt, former chairman of the Board of Immigration Appeals, echoed those concerns, noting that when cases were rushed in the past, not only were mistakes made that resulted in returns from the federal Courts of Appeals, thus increasing the backlog, but some of the “botched, incorrect orders resulted in unjust removals because individuals lacked the resources or were too discouraged to fight their cases.”
Judge Tabaddor also said in an email to Mr. Schmidt:
Last Friday we all received the Director’s announcement of his decision to impose quotas and deadlines on immigration judges as a basis of our individual performance evaluations effective October 2018. To clarify any confusion, I would like to re-iterate that at no point has NAIJ ever agreed that quotas and deadlines are an appropriate manner in which to evaluate immigration judge performance. To the contrary, NAIJ has always remained deeply concerned about this unprecedented decision which undermines our independent decision-making authority, invites unnecessary litigation, and adds to the existing burdens and demands on our judges.
In the largest single workplace raid in a decade, federal authorities arrested 97 people at a Tennessee meat-processing plant on immigration and other charges. Of those, 86 were reportedly arrested on civil immigration charges; 32 were released without explanation and 54 were detained. In addition to the immigration charges, company owners are being investigated for alleged tax evasion and hiring undocumented workers.
The operation was conducted jointly with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s Homeland Security Investigations, the Internal Revenue Service, and the Tennessee Highway Patrol.
U.S. Defense Secretary James N. Mattis announced on April 6, 2018, the authorization of up to 4,000 National Guard troops to deploy to the U.S. border with Mexico “to support the Department of Homeland Security border security mission there.” National Guard troops began deploying after the announcement.
In a joint statement, Mr. Mattis and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary Kirstjen M. Nielsen said DHS worked closely with border-state governors and identified security vulnerabilities the National Guard could address.
President Donald J. Trump authorized the National Guard, with the affected governors’ approval, to enhance its support to U.S. Customs and Border Protection along the southern U.S. border. The troops “will not perform law enforcement activities or interact with migrants or other individuals detained by DHS without approval from Mattis,” according to the Department of Defense. “Arming will be limited to circumstances that might require self-defense,” the National Guard announcement noted.
The National Guard’s efforts will include “aviation, engineering, surveillance, communications, vehicle maintenance and logistical support,” chief Pentagon spokesperson Dana W. White said in a news briefing on April 5, 2018.
The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) has filed a federal lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia alleging that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is violating the Constitution by blocking detained migrants from accessing lawyers. SPLC says the suit is the first of its kind to “highlight decades-long, widespread DHS violations of detained immigrants’ rightful access to counsel in civil immigration prisons in multiple facilities in the Southeast.” The suit names DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and federal officials as defendants.
SPLC said that in 2017 it launched the “Southeast Immigrant Freedom Initiative” to enlist and train volunteer lawyers to provide free legal representation to detained migrants in removal proceedings in the southeast United States. “About 250 volunteers, including attorneys, law students and interpreters, have come to the South to offer free assistance, only to have client meetings delayed or denied, or they have been unable to communicate with clients due to limits on electronics that can facilitate interpretation,” SPLC said. “DHS intentionally selects private companies who operate immigration prisons as cash cows in remote, rural areas of the Southeast that are beyond the reach of most lawyers,” said Lisa Graybill, deputy legal director for the SPLC. “Their profit model is to simply warehouse as many people as they can for as long as they can, and they resist having to accommodate legal visits while remaining immune from any scrutiny or oversight. With this lawsuit, we are demanding that DHS be held accountable for the choices it makes.”