GAO Says Appointments of Wolf and Cuccinelli to Acting DHS Leadership Roles Were Invalid
The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) released a decision concluding that after Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen resigned in April 2019, the official who assumed the title of Acting Secretary, Kevin McAleenan, had not been designated in the order of succession to serve upon the Secretary’s resignation. “Because the incorrect official assumed the title of Acting Secretary at that time, subsequent amendments to the order of succession made by that official were invalid and officials who assumed their positions under such amendments, including Chad Wolf [as DHS Acting Secretary] and Kenneth Cuccinelli [as Senior Official Performing the Duties of Deputy Secretary], were named by reference to an invalid order of succession,” the GAO said.
The GAO said it had not reviewed the legality of other actions taken by these officials and was referring the matter to the DHS Inspector General for review, but that it was “aware that certain actions taken by Acting Secretary Wolf and his authority to take them are currently the subject of litigation.”
The GAO also noted that in March 2020, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia ruled in L.M.-M v. Cuccinelli, 442 F. Supp. 3d 1, 29 (D.D.C. 2020) that Mr. Cuccinelli’s separate appointment as Acting Director of USCIS was illegal. On August 14, 2020, the Trump administration dismissed its appeal of the ruling.
- “Decision, Matter of Department of Homeland Security—Legality of Service of Acting Secretary of Homeland Security and Service of Senior Official Performing the Duties of Deputy Secretary of Homeland Security,” File B-331650, Aug. 14, 2020 (GAO), https://www.gao.gov/assets/710/708830.pdf
- “Trump Admin Drops Appeal of Court Ruling That Ken Cuccinelli Was Illegally Appointed,” Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc., https://bit.ly/321JplD
USCIS Suddenly Begins Selecting New H-1B Lottery Winners
According to reports, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) experienced an unexpected decline in H-1B filings and therefore is selecting additional H-1B lottery winners. Some immigration attorneys say they are suddenly receiving email notifications from USCIS. The reports say that the selections are being made from previous H-1B submissions.
Those who applied for the H-1B lottery in the spring are being advised by practitioners to log in to their USCIS online accounts now to check status for new H-1B selections. Reportedly, the new notices say “August 2020 Selection of Reserve Registration” with a filing period of August 17, 2020, to November 16, 2020. Petitions must include a start date of October 1, 2020.
Contact your Alliance of Business Immigration Lawyers attorney for advice in specific situations.
- “FY 2021 Cap-Subject H-1B Filing Season,” In the Spotlight, American Immigration Lawyers Association, https://www.aila.org/advo-media/issues/all/h1b-registration-tool
- “Second Round H-1B Lottery Expected to Occur This Week?”, Wolfsdorf Rosenthal, https://bit.ly/2Cww4sL
- “Second Round H-1B Lottery Results FY 2021 Season,” RedBus2US, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OCd2qSyYQeA
Reminder: New I-765 Form Must Be Used If Postmarked On or After August 25, 2020
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will accept the current edition of Forms I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, and I-765WS, dated 12/26/19, if they are postmarked before August 25, 2020. If they are postmarked on or after August 25, 2020, USCIS willl not accept the 12/26/19 edition. The updated editions are dated 08/25/20.
The base I-765 fee is $410 for either edition before October 2, 2020. On or after October 2, 2020, the fee is $550.
Contact your Alliance of Business Immigration Lawyers attorney for advice in specific situations.
- “Status of Form I-765,” NAFSA: Association of International Educators,” https://www.nafsa.org/regulatory-information/status-form-i-765
- New Form I-765 (to be used if postmarked on or after August 25, 2020), https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/document/forms/i-765-aead.pdf
USCIS Extends Transitional Parole for CNMI Long-Term Resident Status Applicants
USCIS announced on August 11, 2020, that it will automatically extend parole, and employment authorization if applicable, for parolees who timely applied for Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) long-term resident status.
This specific extension of parole applies only to current parolees who timely filed Form I-955, Application for CNMI Long-Term Resident Status, and Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, and whose applications remain pending on August 17, 2020. USCIS will automatically extend their parole (and employment authorization, if applicable) without interruption through December 31, 2020, or the date on which USCIS makes a final decision on the parolee’s Form I‑955 and Form I-765, whichever is earlier.
Executive Order Heightens Scrutiny of Contractors Employing Foreign Workers
President Donald Trump issued a new executive order on August 3, 2020, “Executive Order on Aligning Federal Contracting and Hiring Practices With the Interests of American Workers.” The order instructs the Secretaries of Labor and Homeland Security to take action to protect U.S. workers from “any adverse effects on wages and working conditions caused by the employment of H-1B visa holders at job sites (including third-party job sites), including measures to ensure that all employers of H-1B visa holders, including secondary employers, adhere to the requirements of section 212(h)(1) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(n)(1)).”
The order, which makes no immediate changes, also instructs the heads of each executive department and agency that entered into contracts in fiscal years 2018 and 2019 to assess whether contractors (including subcontractors) used temporary foreign labor for contracts performed in the United States. The order further asks for information on:
- The nature of the work performed by temporary foreign labor on such contracts; whether opportunities for U.S. workers were affected by such hiring; and any potential effects on national security;
- Whether contractors (including subcontractors) performed in foreign countries services previously performed in the United States and, if so, whether opportunities for U.S. workers were affected; whether affected U.S. workers were eligible for assistance under the Trade Adjustment Assistance program; and any potential effects on national security; and
- Any negative impact of contractors’ and subcontractors’ temporary foreign labor hiring practices or offshoring practices on the economy and efficiency of federal procurement and on national security.
Among other things, the order also asks the heads of each agency that enters into contracts to “propose action, if necessary and as appropriate and consistent with applicable law, to improve the economy and efficiency of Federal procurement and protect the national security.”
- Executive Order, https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-aligning-federal-contracting-hiring-practices-interests-american-workers/
Court Extends Temporary Restraining Order in Case Challenging EAD Delays
On August 3, 2020, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio extended a temporary restraining order (TRO) in a case challenging delays in issuance of employment authorization documents (EADs). On August 6, the court extended the TRO to August 24, 2020. The latest extension is intended to allow the parties time to negotiate a consent decree to resolve the plaintiff’s claims.
The plaintiff, arguing on behalf of approximately 75,000 putative class members, sought emergency relief requiring USCIS to print and issue EADs immediately. The plaintiff stated that USCIS significantly slowed and/or stopped printing EADs, which are essential for those with work authorization to obtain or keep their jobs. The plaintiff noted that USCIS had not provided the EADs to which the plaintiff and class members were legally entitled because the agency terminated its contract with a third party without any intention or plan to replace that contract with another contract or method to print and issue EADs in a timely manner.
- Subramanya v. USCIS, https://www.classaction.org/media/subramanya-v-united-states-citizenship-and-immigration-services-et-al.pdf
- August 6, 2020, order, https://www.aila.org/File/Related/20080438a.pdf
- August 3, 2020, order, https://www.balglobal.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/TRO-08-03-2020.pdf
Courts Rule, Agencies Issue Guidance on Public Charge Rule Injunction
On August 4, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit extended a temporary restraining order in Connecticut, New York, and Vermont, upholding a prior injunction against the public charge final rule implemented by the Trump administration in February 2020.
Also, on July 29, 2020, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York (SDNY) issued a nationwide injunction barring the Department of Homeland Security from enforcing, applying, implementing, or treating as effective the public charge final rule for any period during which there is a declared national health emergency in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) stated that as long as the SDNY decision is in effect, the agency will apply the 1999 public charge guidance that was in place before the public charge rule was implemented on February 24, 2020, to the adjudication of any application for adjustment of status on or after July 29, 2020. In addition, USCIS said it will adjudicate “any application or petition for extension of nonimmigrant stay or change of nonimmigrant status on or after July 29, 2020, consistent with regulations in place before the Public Charge Rule was implemented; in other words, we will not apply the public benefit condition.”
For applications and petitions that USCIS adjudicates on or after July 29, 2020, pursuant to the SDNY injunction, USCIS will not consider any information provided by an applicant or petitioner that only relates to the evidence required by the Public Charge Rule, including information provided on the Form I–944 or any supporting documentation included with that form, or information on the receipt of public benefits in Part 5 on Form I–539, Part 3 on Form I–539A, Part 6 on Form I–129, or Part 6 on Form I–129CW, or any additional documentation pertaining to the public benefit condition. Applicants and petitioners whose applications or petitions are postmarked on or after July 29, 2020, should not include the Form I–944 or provide information about the receipt of public benefits on Form I–485, Form I–129, Form I–129CW, Form I–539, or Form I–539A.
USCIS will issue guidance regarding the use of affected forms. In the interim, USCIS will not reject any Form I–485 on the basis of the inclusion or exclusion of Form I–944, nor Forms I–129 and I–539 based on whether Part 6, or Part 5, respectively, has been completed or left blank.
In any public charge inadmissibility determination, USCIS said, it will consider the receipt of public benefits consistently with prior public charge guidance.
The Department of State (DOS) also issued a statement on August 7, 2020, in relation to the SDNY ruling. DOS said it is complying with the order and is updating its guidance to consular officers on how to proceed under the preliminary injunction. In the interim, DOS said:[V]isa applications that appear to be ineligible under INA 212(a)(4) will be refused for administrative processing to allow for consultation with the Department, including legal review to ensure compliance with applicable court orders. Visa applicants are not requested to take any additional steps at this time and should attend their visa interviews as scheduled. Applicants are not required to complete nor should they present the
DS–5540, Public Charge Questionnaire.
- “Injunction of the Inadmissibility on Public Charge Grounds Final Rule,” USCIS, https://bit.ly/3a8ER07
- USCIS Policy Manual, Alert, Part G—Public Charge Ground of Inadmissibility, https://www.uscis.gov/policy-manual/volume-8-part-g
- Public Charge page, USCIS, https://www.uscis.gov/green-card/green-card-processes-and-procedures/public-charge
- “Update on Public Charge,” DOS, https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/News/visas-news/update-on-public-charge.html
- Prior public charge guidance, Federal Register notice (March 28, 1999), https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-1999-05-26/pdf/99-13202.pdf
- “Featured Issue: Public Charge Changes at USCIS, DOJ, and DOS,” https://www.aila.org/advo-media/issues/all/public-charge-changes-at-uscis-doj-and-dos
State Dept. Issues Additional Guidance on National Interest Exceptions
COVID-19-related travel bans remain in place for several countries and regions. The Department of State (DOS) released guidance on July 22, 2020, stating that certain travelers may qualify for national interest exceptions. Subsequently, DOS updated its guidance on July 30, 2020, on national interest exceptions.
The July 30 guidance lists exceptions for certain H-1B, H-2B, H-4, J-1, J-2, L-1, and L-2 visas, and for those aging out of their current immigrant visa classifications.
- “National Interest Exceptions to Presidential Proclamations (10014 & 10052) Suspending the Entry of Immigrants and Nonimmigrants Presenting a Risk to the United States Labor Market During the Economic Recovery Following the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak,” DOS, issued July 30, 2020, https://bit.ly/31rdBGc
- “National Interest Exceptions for Certain Travelers from the Schengen Area, United Kingdom, and Ireland,” DOS, issued July 22, 2020, https://travel.state.gov/content/travel/en/News/visas-news/national-interest-exceptions-from-certain-travelers-from-the-schengen-area-uk-and-ireland.html